by Shira Megerman

Carl Iwasaki/Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
Segregated Monroe Elementary School in Topeka, Kansas, where Linda Brown attended school.

National Archives-Central Plains Region (Kansas City)

Records of the United States District Court for the District of Kansas, First Division (Topeka)
Case File: CV-T-316 (1951) - Oliver Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas, et al. (347 U.S. 483) (1954) and (349 U.S. 294) (1955)
In this case, a permanent injunction and restraining order was issued to admit African American children to white schools. In 1954, the United States Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision, ruled that "in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place."


Brown v. Board of Education about the case

Brown @ 50 (Howard University Law School)

Oliver Brown v Board of Education (Kansas Historical Society case documents)

Biographies Of Litigants And Attorneys In Brown v. Board (National Archives)

Separate But Equal: The Road To Brown (Exploring Constitutional Law)

Order Of Argument In Brown v. Board Of Education (National Archives)

Brown V. Board Of Education (Wikipedia)

U.S. Supreme Court Media, Oyez

Linda Brown of Topeka (left), with her parents, Leola and Oliver, and younger sister Terry.
(LIFE photo)
Front page of trial court decision in Brown
Last page of trial court decision

Additional Reading:

Cottol, Robert J. and Diamond, Raymond T., and Ware, Leland B. Brown v. Board of Education: Caste, Culture, and Constitution (University of Kansas Press, 2003).

Martin Jr., Waldo E. Brown v. Board of Education: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford/St. Martin's, 1998).
Freehling, William W. Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy (Oxford University Press, 2002).
Klarman, Michael J. Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement (Oxford University Press, 2007).
Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality (Vintage, 2004).


Separate But Equal. 1991 (George Steven, Jr., director).
Film information from Imdb