D. C. Stephenson, Indiana Klan Leader and the Convicted Murderer of Madge Oberholtzer
Noblesville, Indiana courtroom that was scene for the D. C. Stephenson trial in 1925

"I am the law in Indiana."

--D. C. Stephenson, Grand Dragon of the Invisible Empire for the Realm of Indiana



Indiana Center for History: "Indiana and the Ku Klux Klan"

"Ku Klux Klan in Indiana" (Indiana State Library: Listing of Resources)

Indiana University: Digital Archives Collection: "the Fiery Cross" (Indiana Klan Newspaper)

Indiana Historical Society: D. C. Stephenson Collection, 1922-1978

D. C. Stephenson (Wikipedia)

"The Stephenson Trial," by Lindsay Dunn (2000)

J to the Power of 7: "D. C. Stephenson: An Old Case of Molestation"


Indiana Klan Members in 1925
Madge Oberholtzer


Additional Reading (Books):

Butler, Robert A. So They Framed Stephenson (Privately Published)

Grant, Robert and Katz, Joseph. The Great Trials of the Twenties: The Watershed Decade in America's Courtrooms (Sarpedon, 1998, 282pp.)

Horowitz, David. Inside the Klavern: The Secret History of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920’s (Southern Illinois University Press).


Luthotlz, M. William. Grand Dragon: D. C. Stephenson and the Ku Klux Klan (Purdue Univ. Press, 1993, 362 pp.)


Moore, Leonard J. Citizen Klansmen: The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana, 1921-1928 (Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1997, 276pp.).


Additional Reading (Collections and Periodicals):

Evans, Hiram Wesley. “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism.” North American Review. March 1926.

D.C. Stephenson Collection, Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, IN.

Indianapolis News. 16 January 1924 - 28 November 1927

Leibowitz, Irving. My Indiana. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1964.



Cross of Fire (1989, directed by Paul Wendkos).